Periodontal Disease in Fulham

NHS Dentist £ Fulham 0207 610 1110 NHS Dentist

"Excellent 5-star professional care. Jenish took time to understand my sensitivities and adjusted his care accordingly. His work is sensitive and meticulous with great attention to detail and care - completely free of pain and discomfort. This is the most comfortable and enjoyable hygienist appointment I've ever had. Thank you."

My gums are now clean and clear and sorted.

Gingivitis (Gum Disease) Treatment in Fulham at NHS Dentist

Gingivitis means, quite literally inflammation of the gingivae or gums. Gum problems occur when there is an inflammation or infection of the support tissues of the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease:

  • Gingivitis is when the gums are affected superficially
  • Periodontitis is when the deeper structures are affected.

Of the two conditions, periodontitis is the more severe disease, although long-standing gingivitis may in some cases lead to periodontitis.

If gingivitis is present, the gums will be red in colour rather than the usual healthy pink. They will also tend to be slightly puffy or swollen. Inflamed gums also bleed, usually when tooth brushing or biting into something hard such as an apple. In severe cases of gingivitis, gums may bleed of their own accord. The major cause of gingivitis is dental plaque. Plaque is the build-up of bacteria (germs) and saliva that collects on the tooth surfaces and other parts of the mouth. If the plaque is allowed to collect around the necks of the teeth (where the teeth meet the gums), the gums become inflamed and gingivitis can occur. Some of the plaque bacteria are harmful and can cause gum disease. Plaque can become hardened (mineralised) and form into a hard surface layer of tartar (calculus). The bacteria in the tartar continue to attack the tissues that support the tooth roots. Prevent plaque and tartar formation by brushing thoroughly twice a day.

Gingivitis can affect anyone at any age, although it is less likely to be seen in younger children. Mild cases may go unnoticed for some time and there may be no symptoms during the early stages of the disease. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can gradually progress, resulting in the destruction of the tooth attachment and the bone around the teeth. This causes the affected tooth or teeth to become loose. It is best to visit a dentist or hygienist as soon as it is suspected that gingivitis is present so that treatment can begin promptly to prevent the condition from worsening. Our dentist or hygienist will carry out a thorough examination and will treat the condition.

Chris was given advice on how to brush his teeth more effectively to prevent his gums from bleeding.

Nancy showed me that I should be using more of a rotational movement … one year later … my problems are pretty much solved

The first step is to make sure that the teeth are brushed regularly and effectively, and making sure that the toothbrush is applied correctly to the tooth gum margin at the neck of the tooth. Our team at NHS Dentist will assess your condition and advise the best brushing technique to help achieve optimal removal of the causative bacteria from all your tooth surfaces.

Our dentist or dental hygienist at NHS Dentist will also remove any other hardened deposits in your mouth (tartar or calculus) that may be helping the plaque to congregate, for example, the tartar that collects behind the bottom front teeth (incisors) and the outsides of the upper cheek teeth (molars). This tartar is plaque that has become hardened or mineralised by salts in the saliva. The process of removing these hard deposits is known as scaling and may be carried out using hand instruments or with advanced ultrasonic technology. The task is usually completed with a refreshing polish.

Periodontal Treatment in Fulham
Periodontal Treatment Fulham
NHS Dentist £ Fulham 0207 610 1110 NHS Dentist

“I am currently undergoing periodontal therapy with Dr Afra and I would highly recommend the treatment plan to anyone considering their options with regard to periodontal issues.

I have not only seen a very marked improvement in my condition which is wonderful, but I have also received such care, consideration and kindness throughout the treatment by Dr Afra.

From start to finish, I have experienced such professionalism, courtesy and care.

May I also mention Dr Afra's excellent assistant, Joseph, who always greeted me with a wonderful smile and during each procedure assisted very professionally.”

Periodontitis (Advanced Gum Disease) Can be Treated in Fulham at NHS Dentist

Periodontitis is the inflammation of the tissues that hold the tooth in its socket. If left untreated it can result in the destruction of the tooth attachment as well as the destruction of the bone itself.

Healthy gums are pale pink and firm. If the gums are red and swollen, there is probably gum disease or gingivitis present. One of the most common signs is blood on the toothbrush after brushing and often there is bad breath (halitosis) as well. Patients could also experience bleeding when flossing. Our dentists at NHS Dentist in Fulham can provide treatment and support to patients experiencing this.

The accumulation of a surface film of dental plaque (a sticky layer of germs) starts the inflammatory process. Tiny ulcers appear that penetrate the soft gum tissues and cause the immune system to respond. Large numbers of white blood cells appear on the scene to fight the bacterial invasion and the gums begin to swell. However, if it is left untreated, it gradually progresses, resulting in the destruction of the tooth attachment and bone around the teeth (periodontitis). This causes the affected teeth to become loose and in some cases move. The depth of the space between the neck of the tooth (where the tooth meets the gum) and the bone level indicates if there are advanced gum problems (periodontitis) or not. These spaces are known as ‘pockets'. The measurements, taken by a dentist or hygienist also show how severe any existing gum problem is. Healthy gums have small pocket measurements (2-3mm), but in where there is disease these pockets can be very deep (5-10mm or more) and means that special treatment is needed.

Periodontitis can be treated by visiting a dentist or hygienist who will clean the teeth professionally and advise on how to improve tooth cleaning at home. The patient may be unaware that there is a problem, as periodontitis can be painless during the early stages of the disease. Basic periodontal treatment involves cleaning out the deposits of plaque and hardened plaque (tartar) from above and below the gums. The treatment is usually done by cleaning the affected areas, sometimes after making them numb with a local anaesthetic. In most cases, the gum problems resolve after this type of treatment when accompanied by an effective oral hygiene routine at home. Gum problems are also made worse by smoking and any dental professional will encourage smokers to stop.

Sometimes basic treatment is not successful at getting the gum disease under control. This is because the pockets in severe periodontitis are so deep that it is not possible to fully clean the roots without actually looking at them. Our Fulham dentist may then suggest gum (periodontal) surgery. This treatment involves pushing the gums away from the teeth so that the roots can be seen. It is only by doing this that the dentist can be sure that the roots are clean.

Two types of gum surgery are available:

  • Surgery to clean the roots of the teeth – root planing
  • Surgery to replace the lost bone and soft tissues as well as clean the roots of the teeth.

Those who need surgery include:

  • Patients who have deep periodontal pockets and gum disease
  • Patients who have short teeth that need crowns. The teeth can be made longer so that crowns can be fitted
  • Patients who have a high lip line, show a lot of gum and need their smile improved.

Our dentist will usually refer such patients to a periodontist, who is a specialist in gum diseases and their treatment.

Prevention of this condition can be done by visiting a dentist or hygienist for advice on brushing and flossing techniques and by the use of special brushes, together with regular cleaning and dental appointments. Maintaining good oral hygiene will help to prevent gum conditions from worsening.

Gum Disease in Fulham
Gum Disease Fulham
Meet our Dentist with a Special Interest in Periodontal Disease
Dr Afra Godarzi-Mofrad Dr Afra Godarzi-Mofrad Dentist – BDS
Dr Afra Godarzi-Mofrad

Dr. Afra Godarzi-Mofrad graduated from The School of Clinical Dentistry at Sheffield University in 1999 . In order to widen her post graduate education she then embarked on several Senior House Officer jobs in the renowned Charles Clifford Dental Hospital and Hallamshire Hospital as well as some district general hospitals managing head and neck, and facial trauma.

She has also worked extensively in the Paediatric and Adult dental clinics gaining a wealth of experience in managing dental problems across the age groups.

Dr. Godarzi-Mofrad is a very experienced and caring dentist. Her considerate and empathetic approach allows her to gain the trust of her patients and she is especially popular with children, nervous and dentally phobic patients.

Her interests lie in providing an excellent standard of family dental healthcare, with a special focus on prevention of disease and retention of teeth for as long as possible. She also has an interest in Aesthetic dentistry and improving smiles.

She has a commitment to lifelong learning and continually enhancing her knowledge and keeping abreast with cutting edge techniques.

​She is passionate about preventative dentistry and the management of Periodontal disease (conditions affecting the supporting structures of the teeth). To this end she is undertaking a Masters in Periodontology at the prestigious & world renowned Eastman Dental Hospital in London. She looks forward to helping her patients manage their dental and gum conditions in a more holistic way aiming to help them retain their teeth for as long as possible.

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